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kabul
September 17, 2018
The Kabul Times

Unemployment main challenge before educated Afghan females

Following the ousting of Taliban and establishment of the interim administration, the higher education sector has been one of the most successful developing branches in Afghanistan and at present 17 government and over 70 private universities and institutes of higher education are operating throughout Afghanistan most of them in cities of Kabul, Herat, Mazar-i-Sharif, Jalalabad, Khost, Kandahar etc.
For the first time in 1936, the women included the system and in 1970 AD, girls constituted about 60 pc of 10000 students of Kabul university as this process is remarkably advancing today and based on a report of the MoHE in 2012 there were over 100000 university students in the country out of which 30-35 pc girls. But despite of that role and presence of educated girls holding university degree is fading comparing their presence in higher education sector.
Although women presence in higher education field has made remarkable progress in the last 16 years but their imbalance presence in government indicate less effective results in the direction of women empowerment. There are no precise data on work condition of educated women with higher education in the country but large number of these educated women are involved in the fields against their vocation.
For example according to a report from faculty of journalism, Herat university from 2002-2012 about 1250 students were graduated including 30-35 pc girls and only few of them are employed in the field of journalism. The report adds that most of these graduates lack professional occupation and are employed as teachers in Herat primary and intermediate schools.
Unemployment of educated individuals is not restricted to women and girls and large number of educated males have also been suffering too. But since males have always enjoyed extensive presence in the government, therefore fading presence of females in the government is of high importance.
Talking on the educated women’s share in government, Mohammad HanifAsefi a student of computer science faculty, Bakhteruniversity said, high fees, improper behavior, discrimination against female students, lack of laboratory, professional lecturers etc have caused girls to continue their higher educations. Lateannouncement of exams results and carelessness of the MoHE on private universities have caused dissatisfaction of students particularly girls.
Ghazala Babakarkheyl a journalist and student of a private university talking on the fading presence of girls students said, high fees, lack of transportation and discriminatory approach of leadership have also caused non-presence of girls in universities. Discrimination in employment of women has caused them to continue their higher education because nepotism has dominated government departments.
Lack of security for implementation of socio-economic programs, lack of employment opportunities specially for women, lack of women trade unions, socio-political instability, gender inequalities in work environment, wrong believes on out-door work of women, lack of trust of families to work environment are reasons of fading presence of educated women in government.
Free of charge higher educations in government universities hasimposed huge expenditure on government budget and its international supporters. In recent years, increase of number of students and lack of reception capacities by public universities caused establishment of large number of private universities with high fees that have imposed high financial investment on families and students.
MasoudaQarizada

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