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Migration requires global cooperation

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Migration requires global cooperation
 The world’s largest origin of refugees, and only recently eclipsed by Syria, Afghanistan now finds itself increasingly experiencing mixed migration, with emigration of refugees and asylum seekers, seasonal and permanent outflows of economic migrants, internal displaced, and the return of Afghans who had previously sought safety abroad. The scale of these mixed flows has important consequences for the country’s development and governance.
There are a number of causes for this growing diversity of migration flows. While conflict-induced migration continues as the Taliban insurgents intensify their destructive activities, many Afghans are being displaced within the country or leaving abroad in search of greater economic opportunity and better living conditions. Others routinely cross the porous borders with Iran and Pakistan, seeking seasonal work there and farther abroad. At the same time millions of Afghans who had sought refuge in Pakistan and Iran have returned to Afghanistan over the last decade as the security situation improved somewhat.
The Afghan diaspora is estimated between 4 million and 6 million people. The vast majority resides in Pakistan and Iran. Pakistan is host to more than 2.9 million Afghan refugees and irregular migrants (slightly more than half of them are registered refugees), while there are nearly 2 million Afghan refugees and migrants in Iran (an estimated 1 million of them undocumented). Meanwhile more than a hundred thousands of other Afghans fled to European countries and filed asylum claims during 2015 and 2016.
Afghanistan’s mixed migration flows are complex. The high volume of returns, both voluntary and forced, has placed a heavy burden on government services, leading to chronic vulnerabilities among the population. This is particularly the case alongside rapid urbanization and extensive internal displacement, which are also placing significant demands on government services. While the Afghan government has worked with the international community to create migration and development policies over the last decade, little has been done to provide either regular emigration pathways for Afghans, such as labor migration corridors, or to support the sustainable return and reintegration of returnees and internally displaced persons (IDPs).
With ever increasing numbers of migrants moving throughout the world, the UN General Assembly declared the 18 December as a day to celebrate the role of the migrant and the contribution that migration brings to development.
UN Member States and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations observe the day through the dissemination of information on the human rights and fundamental freedoms of migrants, and through the sharing of experiences and the design of actions to ensure their protection. In 2013 member states officially recognized the role of migration in terms of development and asked for further cooperation to overcome the challenges of irregular migration.
According to UN, migration draws increasing attention in the world nowadays. Mixed with elements of un-foreseeability, emergency, and complexity, the challenges and difficulties of international migration require enhanced cooperation and collective action among countries and regions. 
Meanwhile the Afghan government and the international community as well as the regional countries need to boost cooperation with respect to Afghan migrants and provide them a peaceful environment far from any violence, misuses and forced deportation.
The ongoing migration to foreign countries should be also viewed as part of the picture of the instability in the country which can be resolved only through resolution of the conflict in the country.