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Terrorists’ safe havens continue to destabilize region

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Terrorists’ safe havens continue  to destabilize region
 The principal objective of the international community in Afghanistan since the 9-11 attacks has been –and appropriately continues to be — to ensure that the country does not become a haven for terrorist and extremist groupings. 
But the international community in the last sixteen years of war against terrorism couldn’t achieve tangible result and the Taliban developed its military capabilities by taking advantage of sanctuaries in Pakistan. Although nominally a strategic ally of the United States, Pakistan provided the Taliban and its affiliate branches, such as the vicious Haqqani Network responsible for the most atrocious terrorist attacks in Afghanistan, including Kabul, with not only safe-havens after 2001, but also direct military and intelligence support. 
Although receiving very large U.S. counterterrorism assistance in the form of financial aid and military equipment and facing intense U.S. pressure for more than two decades, Pakistan has not severed its support for the Taliban.
Recently the deputy permanent representative of India to UN said in open debate of the Security Council on Afghanistan that supporters of terror organizations like Taliban, Haqqani network and Lashkar-e- Tayyeba must be forced to stop and all safe havens must end and expressing concern over the collapse of the security situation in Afghanistan.
Terrorists continue to attack the most vulnerable, including the sick in hospitals, children in schools, devotees in mosques and even mourners at funerals. Terrorist groups have gained territory, he said, adding all safe havens and sanctuaries available to such groups outside Afghan borders must end. 
“The continued resilience shown by the Afghan people and security personnel have been exemplary but hopes of a better future still appear distant. Our regular consultations and the work done by the Council have not been enough to more effectively reverse the situation on the ground,” he added.
Despite increasing violence and support of certain countries to Taliban and other terrorists, the Afghan security forces could defeat Taliban across the country and the group still does not hold large cities nor does it have anywhere near the territorial control as the Islamic State had in Iraq and Syria. The national unity government has adopted many better policies and approaches than the previous administration and, as mentioned, managed to boost its revenues, a very important development.
The international community and the U.S. in particular as well as the national unity government’s main goals should include strengthening checks and balances within the political system, reducing corruption, and enhancing government service delivery. The US and allies must do more to put pressures on Pakistan to stop funding terrorism.
Without evident progress toward cutting the financial roots of terrorism, even beefed-up military efforts will struggle to achieve sustainability and opportunities will remain for terrorist groups to entrench themselves in Afghanistan and would continue to destabilize the region and even that of the Europe and US.