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Civilian protection should be strengthened

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Civilian protection should be strengthened
 A total of 10,453 civilian casualties, including 3,438 people killed and 7,015 injured - were documented in the 2017 Annual Report released on Thursday by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and the UN Human Rights Office.
Although this figure represented a decrease of nine per cent compared with 2016, the report highlighted the high number of casualties caused by suicide bombings and other attacks using improvised explosive devices (IEDs), the statement said.  
“The chilling statistics in this report provide credible data about the war’s impact, but the figures alone cannot capture the appalling human suffering inflicted on ordinary people, especially women and children,” said Tadamichi Yamamoto, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Afghanistan during a press conference in Kabul.
The report attributes close to two-thirds of all casualties (65 per cent) to anti-government elements: 42 per cent to the Taliban, 10 per cent to Daesh / Islamic State Khorasan Province (ISIL-KP), and 13 percent to undetermined and other anti-government elements.  The report also blamed the government forces for a fifth of civilian casualties
Attacks where anti-government elements deliberately targeted civilians accounted for 27 per cent of the total civilian casualties recorded in Afghanistan in 2017 - mainly from suicide and complex attacks directed at civilians or civilian objects. 
The report commends actions taken by the Government of Afghanistan and Pro-Government security forces in 2017 to protect communities from harm, highlighting the 23 per cent reduction in civilian casualties attributed to pro-government forces. 
Other protection measures adopted by the Government included a national policy to prevent civilian casualties and ratification of the 1980 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapon instruments, which under Protocol V directs clearance of explosive remnants of war.   
In Afghanistan, the Taliban and the so-called IS fighters spill the blood of soldiers and civilians. They target people anywhere, including masques while worshipping. The militants never respect Human Rights or religious tenets despite operating under the sacred term of religion. 
Civilian killings, therefore, clearly depict that Taliban do not care much about the civilian casualties; what they mostly care about is their threat and dominancy over the security arrangements. The above mentioned report also depicted that the IEDs still remain the most deadly for civilians.
To safeguard the rights of people, the international community will have to take action against countries or influential figures who are engaged in human rights violations or supporting the terrorist groupings to kill innocent people and achieve their vicious goals. 
The United Nations still can influence the parties of the war to respect civilian safety and security. The Afghan government should ask the UN and other organs to negotiate with the Taliban over the issue. The anti-insurgency campaign should be combined with direct or in-direct talks with the militant groups for providing safety to civilians by all sides of the war.