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Drought threatening masses life in Afghanistan

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Drought threatening masses life in Afghanistan
 As the water sources are heavily dependent on annual rainfall and snowfalls, but lack of snowfalls in the winter season has intensified concerns over increase of droughts and climate change effects in Afghanistan. 
It is believed that Afghanistan has suffered enormously from the impact of climate change in the world and the level of the country’s underground water table has dropped considerably. The lack of rain and snow falls in last year’s winter season hasfurther threatened the grasslands and agriculture sector of the country.
In a reversal from abundant snow conditions in February 2017, the snowpack in Afghanistan in February 2018 was the lowest detected for the month since 2001. That is a concern heading into spring and summer, as snowmelt is an important source of water for crops and irrigation.
Celebrating the international earth day in Afghanistan, officials of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock saying lack of rain and snowfalls have affected the country and drought threatening 15 provinces of the country.
Earlier UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Afghanistan, has raised concerns over a possible drought in Afghanistan, adding the country would urgently need 1.5 million tons of wheat if faced with drought challenges.
Meanwhile there are several factors that strengthen droughts and influence water quality such as climate change, agricultural activities, increasing population, types of water supplies, embedded technology in water management sector, wastage of water, quality of sanitation activities, storage of raw water in dry season, quality of canalization network and digging of substandard wells in residential houses. 
Agricultural products form a core component of Afghanistan’s national economy. The country needs over six million tons of wheat every year from which, 4.5 million tones are produced inside the country and the remaining 1.5 million tons are imported from abroad.
In relevance to population growth and decreasing agricultural lands, the authorities are responsible to undertake certain measures such as prevention of water losing in traditional agricultural sectors and urban water system network, changing the consumption patterns, regulated plans for drought combating.
To satisfy domestic needs, there should be investment in water infrastructure throughout the country and devise an efficient plan which should also include the control of medical waste and polluted water in urban areas that is contaminating water supplies. Water sources should be distributed through pipelines and needs clusters of water tanks should be constructed in different areas to provide drinking water.
The government and international organizations working on the issue should devise a well-thought mechanism to manage water resources and potential of agricultural lands should be increased. There is need for construction of dams to control water flows and address the dire need of the Afghan people in term of having potable water and irrigation of the agricultural fields. Meanwhile the people should also cooperate and try to prevent wastage of waters so that the underground waters to be preserved and the drought challenged to be addressed.