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Ups & downs of cinema in Afghanistan

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Ups & downs of cinema in Afghanistan
 Filmmaking in our country goes back to 1965 and a number of cinematographers and enthusiasts of the world of picture and motion, made the first black and white documentary. So we cannot say that we had nothing. But unfortunately, it is clear that the Afghan cinema was not reputable outside the country.
The first film in our country made, “Love and Friendship”, was made with the help of India at a time that Pakistan didn’t exist. The first film in Afghanistan was produced with the contribution of a small group and the Afghan film industry was created in 1965 although it was involved in production of short black and white documentaries.
At the outset our people had only were acquainted with foreign films particularly Indian movies and due to technical reasons, Afghani films were hardly accepted by people. Some of the film produced in this period include Andarz-e- Mother, Ghulam-e- Ishque, Rabya-e-Balkhi and Mazra-e- Sabs. Gradually the people attention was invited to domestic movies and films of Akhtar-e-Maskhara, Majassema-ha-Mekhandand, Jenayat Karan, Gunah and Mardhara Qawlas become the most reputable movies.
In this period, the people watched Afghani films enthusiastically. In some cinemas of the capital, only men were allowed to attend cinema with European suits including cinema Aryana, Park, Kabul Nandarai, and Zainab Nandarai. In front of cinema some people leased suits to audience and earned income. American and European films were interpreted in Iran but Indian movies were screened in their native language and Turkish movies were translated on the screen.
About sixteen cinema halls were established in Kabul including Kabul Nandarai, Zainab Nandarai, Behzad, Ariana, park, Aryoub, Barikot, Bakhter, Maiwand, Farokhi, Mirwais, Baharistan, Eqbal, Millie, Pamir and Temorshahi.
In 1966, with establishment of “Afghan Film” was started in Afghanistan in which the Afghan film makers started production of documentary films. The filmmaking system was often negative and 16mm, the negatives were sent to India, UK and former USSR to laboratory affairs far washing and printing. Filmmaking enthusiasm increased in late 80s and famous and acknowledge directors included Eng. Latif, Humayoon   Maroowat, Siddique Barmak and so on.
Films of Talabgar, Saboor Sarbaz, Jenyaatkaran, Manand-e-Oqab, Sargardan, Kochaha, Parendahaye Mahojer, Mazraa-ye-Sabz, Begonah, Hamasay-e-Eshque, and Khakister were produced in this period. Filmmaking companies of Shafaq Film and Ariana Film were established.
During the rule of Mujahedin, two films of Gardaband Orooj directed by Noor Hashim Habib were produced, Afghan refugees in Pakistan, US and Canada had also produced certain films. The films made by Afghan refugees outside the country include Keshwar-e-Begana, Shekast-e-Shab, Khakestar-e-Eshque, Ghorbat and serial of Sher Agha and Shirin Gul. After the collapse of Taliban rule, the first film was made by Siddique Barmak in the name of Osama with financial support of Japan NHK. Following that, amateur filmmakers including Attiqullah Rahimi made several fiction short films like Khak and Khakister. Following the Sep 9/11 a new atmosphere was provided for Afghan cinema and cinematographers like, Eng.  Latif, Siddique Barmak, Atique Rahimi, Dr. Waheed Nazari, Abdul Malik Shafiyee and Afghani films opened their way into foreign festivals. 
It should be said that our films have failed yet to meet our people and society needs and deal with challenges ahead, because nobody support them and due to free market system, government authorities attach no importance to art, artist and perhapsthey don’t realize the value of motion, film and picture in today’s world or don’t want to realize it.