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TAPI; yesterday’s vision today’s reality

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TAPI; yesterday’s vision today’s reality
 The Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline project which is an integral part of global energy domain and of historic relevance can create economic integration in the South and Central Asian region. 
The inauguration ceremony for the construction of Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India was held in Herat province here yesterday and was attended by Presidents of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan’s Prime Minister and India’s State Minister for External Affairs. The ground-breaking ceremony was indeed a remarkable moment to usher energy security, peace and bringing nations closer. 
The commencement of TAPI work in Afghanistan can culminate yesterday’s vision into reality to bring prosperity and more importantly peace in the region which the country is longing for since the invasion and liberation of Afghanistan. The strife-torn country has been baffling and languishing to achieve stability despite hard efforts. Economic integration of the four countries, namely, Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India is one of the ways to create positive contours through TAPI project.
The 1,814-kilometer gas pipeline will pass through Afghanistan to Pakistan and India. At least 816 kilometers of the pipeline will pass through the territory of Afghanistan. In Afghanistan, the TAPI pipeline will be constructed alongside the Kandahar–Herat Highway in western Afghanistan, and then via Quetta and Multan in Pakistan.The final destination of the pipeline will be the Indian town of Fazilka, near its border with Pakistan.The project will cost $22.5 billion USD. 
The project is implemented by the TAPI Limited Company – a group of firms from Afghanistan and Turkmenistan including Afghan Gas Enterprise, Turkmen Gas State Company, and two private companies from Afghanistan.
Afghanistan is expected to earn more than $400 million USD in transit duties annually from the project.According to President Ghani’s Office, the project will create thousands of job opportunities for Afghans.
Afghanistan will annually get 500 million cubic meters of gas from the project in the first ten years. The amount will increase to one billion cubic meters of gas in the following ten years and 1.5 billion cubic meters of gas in the third 10 years after the completion of the project.
The TAPI project was recently changed into a collective of other projects which will be implemented alongside this key initiative for Afghanistan.The Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan 500 kilovolts Line (TAP-500) will transfer Turkmenistan’s electricity to Pakistan through Afghanistan. 
According to President Ghani’s Office, Afghanistan is expected to earn $110 million USD annually from the TAP project. During this period, three substations of power will be established in Herat, Farah and Kandahar provinces of Afghanistan. An optic fiber will also connect regional and neighboring countries under the TAPI project, President Ghani’s Office said.
Another major part of the project is the national and regional railway which connects Pakistan and Turkmenistan through Afghanistan. 
Meanwhile, the 13-kilometer railway of Torghundi Port of Afghanistan will be reconstructed by Turkmenistan. This project will cost $10.5 million USD.