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Labor migration can help boost Afghanistan’s growth, WB

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Labor migration can help boost Afghanistan’s growth, WB
 Afghanistan can boost its growth and create more jobs by establishing better migration policies to help its migrant workers seek opportunities abroad, says a new report released recently by the Government of Afghanistan and the World Bank.
The report Managed Labor Migration in Afghanistan outlines how expanding formal employment abroad for Afghans could, within 15 years, triple the amount of income sent back home in the form of remittances. 
Moreover, by securing temporary and legal jobs in other countries, returnee migrants can improve their professional skills, bring back investment resources, and foster an entrepreneurial spirit to spur domestic growth, the report says.
Afghanistan’s limited economic growth and high population growth have put pressure on its labor market, which registers 400,000 new entrants every year, only half of whom will be able to find jobs in Afghanistan. 
This coupled with the expected annual number of returnees, of which a highly significant percentage are working age, put the domestic labor market under serious stress. In this context, economic migration is an important instrument to sustain livelihoods, with 16 percent of households having a family member that has previously lived or is currently working abroad.
The report highlights how the lack of legal channels have kept current Afghan economic migration flows largely unregulated and mostly composed of unskilled and often illiterate workers. This contrasts with a vision of managed migration in which Afghan labor migrants receive the minimum skills at home, move to richer countries legally for an agreed period, have a guaranteed job and salary, and have a chance to learn new skills prior to their return.
To that end, the report provides policy scenarios to help Afghanistan improve its migration approach. Specifically, it recommends that the Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyrs and Disabled and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs conduct joint routine market research, identify new entrance points into destination labor markets, and build a coherent migration management system.
This is the third series of reports on the topic published by the World Bank in coordination and with Afghanistan’s Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyrs and Disabled.
On the other hand, increasing war and violence in Afghanistan has caused that most of Afghans still prefer to leave their home country for EU member and other western countries. Moreover, thousands of families have been displaced due to increasing war in various parts of the country.
The new UN report says that fighting in different parts of Afghanistan has forced nearly 20,000 people to leave their homes since the beginning of 2018.
According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 18,500 people have so far been displaced.This is an average of 385 displaced people per day, according to the report.Forced displacements were reported from almost all parts of Afghanistan, but most came from the eastern and western regions of the country, the UN said.Last year 460,000 people left their homes due to conflict, while the number of displacement in Afghanistan in 2016 reached more than 660,600. Migration and displacement of Afghans have been the bitter destiny of the people of Afghanistan in past few decades; moreover, poverty, unemployment and increasing of insecurities in the country have caused that most of our countrymen seek asylum in other countries of the world.