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UN urges nations to support mine action work

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UN urges nations to support mine action work
 On 8 December 2005, the General Assembly declared that 4 April of each year shall be observed as the International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action.
On the day, the Anti-personnel Mine Ban Convention signed by 162 countries to protect the life of thousands of people across the world is remembered. The convention bans the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti-personnel mines.
This year, the UN urges all governments to provide political and financial support to enable mine action work to continue, whether it is needed.
Currently, 120 – 140 million mines have been planted in the world, while there are 230 million mines in arsenals.  
The speed of planting mines is four fold than the speed of defusing the mines in the world. Moreover, $300 billion and 1,000 years are needed to collect and defuse all mines planted in the world.
The theme for this year is ‘Advancing Protection, Peace and Development’. It called for continued efforts by States, with the assistance of the United Nations and relevant organizations, to foster the establishment and development of national mine-action capacities in countries where mines and explosives remnants of war constitute a serious threat to the safety, health and lives of the civilian population, or an impediment in social and economic development at the national and local levels.
The theme Advancing Protection, Peace, and Development echoes the vision of the Secretary-General and his reforms of the peace and security architecture comprising the entire humanitarian, peace building and sustainable development continuum.
In 1997, the international community started efforts to ban the use of mines in particular anti-personnel mines and reached an agreement knows as the Ottawa Treaty, the convention on the prohibition of the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti-personnel mines and on their destruction, has been signed by 162 countries.
The countries that have not joined the convention are the permanent members of the UNSC  such as China, Russia and US. Based on reports, 12 countries such as China Cuba, India, Iran, Myanmar, North Korea, South Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Singapore, US and Vietnam are still producers of anti-personnel mines. China, U.S. and Vietnam have off course declared that they have stopped producing the anti-personnel mines, but those countries that are members of the Ottawa Treaty convention have banned the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of the anti-personnel mines.
Currently, most of lands of Egypt, Iran and Afghanistan are facing with danger of mines comparing to other countries of the world.
Afghanistan has been the victim of explosion planted by hidden mines planted in most of areas in the country for the past four decades. Although the exact number of victims caused by landmines and anti-personnel mines is not clear, mine action related organizations say most of the victims caused by mines are men.
It is said that most of anti-personnel mines were placed in Afghanistan during USSR invasion as no map of areas where the mines are planted is available. Afghanistan joined the Ottawa Treaty convention in 2003 and is committed to not producing and using the anti-personnel mines in the country.
According to UNMAS, Afghanistan will be fully cleared of mines until 2023. Mine action related organizations have discovered and defused millions of mines in various parts of Afghanistan for the past 27 years.