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Extremism; a potential global threat

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Extremism; a potential global threat
 Terrorism in the world today seems like a horror nightmare. This nightmare is a scary nightmare for the harassing world that everyone, without regard to their background, throws themselves into America’s scope of support and calls for its suppression. As a so-called human rights saver, the United States is also launching operations to those areas in order to have and keep its presence in different parts of the world.
Violence, mistreatment, brutality and resorting to violent and bloody ways to the principles of the goals set beforehand are the criteria of terrorism and extremism. Extremism in today’s world has broken the boundaries and is not specific to a unique region, and terrorism and violence should not be considered to be belonged to a country, a people and a religion and belief.
There can be no difference between ISIL and other radical groups such as al-Qaeda, Boko Haram, the Abu Sifah Group in Philippines, the Jabhat al-Nusra in Syria, and the North African groups that sometimes carry out complex terrorist operations. The high profile of radical groups with different flags indicates the spread of terrorist and fundamentalist ideas across the globe.
The frontier between these extremist groups is close to being conjoined and overwhelmed by the killing of their leaders and they immediately resort to changing the flag. All of these groups appear to be a potential threat to humanity.
In the past, radical groups have been formed in the region and the world, which for a long time have been the headlines of the world’s newspapers and in the headquarters of the hegemonic countries. The difference between these terrorist groups is so small that, in general, it has sufficed a definition for all, including terror and violence!The major difference between ISIL and al-Qaeda is rooted in the formation of these groups. Al-Qaeda was formed in the aftermath of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. Global vision and strategic thinking of al-Qaeda leaders began in the ten years of the war against the former Soviet Union, when thousands of Muslim fighters, including Osama bin Laden, took control of Afghanistan. Since then, al-Qaeda had taken the form of a global network that attacked Western targets or Western allies in an attempt to persuade Muslims to form a common front against secular powers, and in secret, all of these mechanisms originate from the policies of Washington and London.
Global security is now threatened by the formation of widespread terrorist fights in the world. The threat of global security becomes an international treaty. This threat requires a comprehensive plan to find ways to deal with these groups. Extremist groups anywhere in the world either have direct presence and fight front-line wars or terrorist operations by their own members. On the other hand, with the formation of a wide range of these terrorist groups in the world, different countries in the world are facing this potential threat. The formation of large-scale anti-terrorism coalitions from different countries of the world demonstrates the growing severity of the growing trend of extremism and the dangers arising from it.
Al-Qaeda only built up its own hard-core warfare tools, but ISIS and newly emerging groups, along with hard-wired tools, also plan and map their political plans. ISIL is pursuing a lot of ambitious ideas. The formation of the Islamic caliphate, the struggle against the West and the emancipation of Muslim nations from the United States had been its main slogans. ISIL had become one of the richest terrorist organizations in the world with rich oil and underground support for disruptive nations in the globe. The area of   activity of this group were also wide. The countries including Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Libya, Yemen, parts of Egypt covered the activities of this group. But now as its network has been disrupted in Syria and Iraq and is under pressure in Egypt and Afghanistan, it seems that this group is for a while is no threat for the world peace. While if this threat is not being thwarted completely, it may arise once again and create security problem globally.
The brutal and unusual activities of the group, such as beheading, burning alive of human, the destructive activity of the terrorists, and military operations on the battlefields with the aim of seizing various regions, illustrated the complexity of the group. The ISIS group, with its regular activities and frontal battlegrounds with the troops of different countries, is a complex diagram of terrorism that cannot be formed and activated without the help of large supply of different countries.
The infrastructure of this group makes the unlimited contributions of some countries. But apparently kidnapping and demanding money from hostage-taking, the theft of government banks, the sale of oil, builds up the capture of underground areas were also its main reason to be growing at large scale.
ISIS’s background and its difference with al-Qaeda is that ISIS is not just a terrorist group. If ISIL is just a terrorist group, how could it be able to control the occupied territories, while the terrorist groups in the past were only buried and hided in the caves and underground, and only when they came out of the caves carried out terrorist operations.But once ISIS was like a government, was seizing and controlling big cities and issuing a law like a government, and it sets out the law. Here the question arises that why the West had not been able to halt this group in its initial points? The capacity of the Western countries at the head, the United States is far beyond that which could not control the terrorist group and the dangers it poses. ISIS shares its views on ideology, statements and long-term goals with al-Qaeda, and the two time groups were formally united. Hence, this requires a new solution aimed at confronting ISIL. If the United States really considers ISIS a potential global threat, it must only focus its fight against terrorism on the new objective and avoid the zeal.
As previously noted, ISIL and al-Qaeda are the same as the two terrorist groups, but the soul of the emergence of ISIL was different from al-Qaeda. ISIS has not been the result of the expansion or transformation of a radical extremist group. Although al-Qaeda, especially the branches of this group in North Africa and Yemen, is still considered dangerous. ISIS is now the biggest threat among terrorist groups. This is a huge difference that other extremist terrorist groups have fallen out of the reach of the global coalition. Boko Haram, al-Qaeda, Abu Saif, Jabhat al-Nusra and dozens of other terrorist groups are similar from the source of beliefs, but in practice, ISIS is the most dangerous one and its terrorist activities are vast. On the other hand, ISIL had about 30,000 warriors, has occupied territories in Iraq and Syria, had military capabilities, controlling communications lines, having command infrastructure, could fund its own needs, while organizing disastrous military operation within its control areas or abroad. If ISIL was just a simple terrorist group, then how could the military command in the occupied territories be explained by this group? 
In order to contain ISIL activities and prevent the group from expanding its control over other territories, Washington and its allies needed an aggressive counter-control strategy to restrain the activities of this group and other terrorist organizations. On the other hand, to minimize the growth of extremism among different societies it would require comprehensive and broader measures.
ISIS was formed as a result of the US invasion of Iraq in 2003. At the time of its formation, ISIL was the only group of extremist Sunnis who fought against the Americans and attacked Iraqi Shiite citizens in an effort to promote a sectarian civil war. At that time, the group was known as “al-Qaeda of Iraq”. The group’s leader, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, was killed in an airstrike in 2006, following a decision by the Sunni tribes to join the Americans in the war against extremist jihadists, al-Qaeda in Iraq ended up. But this group re-established itself in the US-backed governments’ prisons in Iraq, where insurgents and terrorist actors interacted and formed an integrated network, and Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi described himself as leader of the group. In 2011, with the outbreak of protests against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and the mounting of unrest to full-fledged internal conflicts, al-Qaeda in Iraq occupied a turmoil of abuse and occupied territories in northeastern Syria and turned it into an operational center. And changed his name to ISIL, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The rise of ISIS has made the group’s goals loose. ISIS is trying to seize many lands by isolating all other terrorist groups and trying to break the borders of the Middle East and introduce itself as the so-called “Islamic” power in the region. ISIL is not the only anti-American problem, but it is a serious threat to the Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia and South Asia. This group, and the spread of its radical ideas in various parts of the world, especially in the sphere of influence under Shanghai (Russia, China, Iran, India and South Asia), is dangerous. There is a lot of rumors and unconfirmed allegations about the formation of the leadership under the command of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi group in West, which could be a prime example of the claim that the group was formed on the basis of pre-planned plans by Westerners to create a problem in the region, but still no proof to that and it requires exploring more researches and investigation to reach to the fact.