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IDPs’ tragedy in Afghanistan

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IDPs’ tragedy in Afghanistan

 In a report released recently, the Human Rights Watch (HRW) said due to growing insecurity over the last year, the number of Internally Displaced Peoples (IDPs) has reached to 250,000 in Afghanistan.

Besides mass forced return of Afghan refugees particularly from Pakistan has added to the number, and the total number of refugees has reached to 1.7 million, the report further said. 
For most of the past 40 years, Pakistan has been hosting over a million Afghans, among the largest refugee populations in the world. But over the past two years, Pakistan has turned on the Afghan community.
Furthermore, almost two millions of them are facing with harsh cold, starvation and unclear future. 
Therefore, the problem would not be solved with winter assistance packages at all. 
Likewise, since two months, Pakistan has pressured Afghan refugees living in camps to leave that country—a challenge would further raise the number of refugees throughout the country. 
Based on formal figures, over three million Afghans are currently living in Iran and Pakistan. 
The reports released by US secretary of defense and SIGAR confirm that wide parts of the country are being directly or indirectly threatened by the Taliban and other terrorist attacks.
According to HRW, Taliban and Daesh terrorist factions have been responsible for 80 percent of civilian casualties over the last one year.  
In fact, insecurity not only causes the people to seek refuge in other countries but will also cause the investors to withdraw their investments. 
Humanitarian organizations reported that many IDPs were living in informal settlements where they lacked access to safe water, sanitation, health care, and education. Many returning refugees and migrants, mostly from Pakistan, joined the ranks of the IDPs.
To fight the challenge, the government of Afghanistan has established the ministry of refugees and repatriates. However, the ministry has done much, but it has not been enough to decline the number of IDPs across the country. 
Unfortunately, due to rampant corruption, the townships being allocated to refugees have not been distributed to them.
As fighting is still ongoing between Taliban and government forces in Afghanistan, unfortunately, thousands of civilians have so far been killed and injured in insurgent suicide and IED attacks. 
The Taliban claimed responsibility for many of these, but groups affiliating themselves with the Islamic State (also known as ISIS) claimed several particularly deadly attacks in Kabul. 
Thus, the government is expected to pay serious heed in this regard and doesn’t let the enemies to reach their malicious designs in the country. Daud Nejrabi