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Mine; hidden enemy of human being

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Mine; hidden enemy of human being
 The devastating imposed wars in the last four decades have changed our territory to a laboratory of testing of different lethal light and heavy weapons, scud and luna rockets, anti-tank and anti-personnel mines. Each of these deadly weapons inflicted unpleasant impacts to our daily life with killing of thousands military, civilians and even plants and animals.
One of the authentic and unpredictable incidents that their prevention create many problems to our people particularly rurals and farmers and has continuously target large number of drivers who move between cities and rural areas is existence of mines and Improvised Expressive Devices (IEDs) hidden underground in agricultural fields and on roadsides and are potential threat to our country.
Although in last years, plenty of efforts have been made for neutralization of these dangerous calamity and hidden enemy of mankind by demining agencies with the cooperation of donor countries and permanent UN cooperation in Afghanistan, but unexpected incidents due to explosion of mines or IEDs along highway and rural areas which have not been demined, left heavy casualties and damaged large number of people specially the farmers.
Unfortunately in recent few years, due to lack of allocation of budget by donors for demining activities, reduction of international assistance and escalation of insurgencies, demining activities were disturbed and underground mines and IEDs have remained in many parts of Afghanistan and should urgently be demined.
Based on report of demining process, demining programs were expected to be concluded in 2013 which was vital for economic and agricultural rehabilitation of Afghanistan while practically only four-fifth of Afghanistan mine planted areas have been demined.
The slow demining process has caused that the deadline for demining of whole Afghanistan to be delayed ten years.
But this decision seems unjustified and it should continue. Because at present the number of mine victims in Afghanistan than other war-hit countries has increased.
Mohammad Shafique Yusufi in-charge of Demining Coordination Agency said, as much as the mine fields remain untouched, their humanitarian casualties increase. 
These mines not only damage the people and handicap them but also cause psychological fear and disturb socio-economic and agricultural development.
According to UN authorities 600 square km battle fields and vicinity of security check points and minefields, should be demined. According to evaluations, this area include 3000 localities and as a result of these mines over 1570 local complexes have been affected. UN data show that unfortunately about 80 percent casualties of mines explosions and other explosive are children. Mines every day victimize the people. Available reports indicate that over one million people are facing the danger of mines in Afghanistan. Former UN chief Ban-Ki-Moon has asked member countries to continue financial and political support of demining program in Afghanistan. It should be said that demining is always a dangerous task. But escalation of insurgency and violences in Afghanistan has caused the demining operations to be restricted to small areas and now the deminers are facing more dangers. The demining groups encountered 25 incidents in the first half of 2016 as a result 6 deminers were killed and nine injured. In the same year, 67 deminers were kidnapped. In 2016 65.9m US dollar was needed for demining operations in Afghanistan but only $ 38m was available.
Shafique Yusufi added, we would not probably achieve our goal of demining in Afghanistan in 2023 with this budget.
The US is committed to supply US 20m dollar annually for demining operations in Afghanistan and asks other donors to be loyal to their commitments.