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PROBLEMS OF MATERNAL MORTALITY IN AFGHANISTAN AND DEVELOPMENT OF ACTIVITIES TO REDUCE MATERNAL

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PROBLEMS OF MATERNAL MORTALITY IN AFGHANISTAN AND DEVELOPMENT OF ACTIVITIES TO REDUCE MATERNAL
 Background : 
Maternal mortality is unacceptably high. every day about 830 women die from complications related to pregnancy or childbirth. By the end of 2015, approximately 303,000 women  died  during  or after pregnancy and childbirth. Almost all of these deaths occur in low-income countries, and most can be prevented.
Almost all cases of maternal death (99%) occur in developing countries. More than half of maternal deaths occur in places with unstable conditions and humanitarian problems. [1] [2]
The maternal mortality ratio in Afghanistan in 2015 was 396 per 100,000 live births, compared to 12 per 100,000 in developed countries.  There are significant discrepancies in the indicators between the countries , as it is in what regards high and low income between women living in rural and urban areas. [3]
Purpose of the study :
•To study medical and social causes of Mother's mortality in Afghanistan;
• To develop activities to reduce  maternal mortality  with  social , religious,medical
    pecuIliarties in Afghanistan .  
KEYWORDS :    
  maternal death,  mortality , women 
Scope and methods of  the research
Objects : 
• doctors and medical staff of the obstetric service;
• pregnant women, parturient women and mothers.
Research methods  :
• literature analysis incl. international publications and WHO materials;
• medical documentation regarding management of pregnant women, parturient       women   and puerperas ,
• analysis of the causes of maternal mortality in the region (statistical data);
• interrogation of a group of pregnant women;
• interview of efficiency of obstetric assist in Afghanistan .
RESULTS :
development of organizational approaches in order to improve the effectiveness  of obstetric help  in Afghanistan .
And, as the result   to reduce maternal  mortality.
CONCLUSIONS : 
The level of maternal mortality is unacceptably high. Every day, about 830 women die from complications related to pregnancy. And the level of maternal mortality in Afghanistan is several times higher than in developed countries. After studying the medical and social causes of maternal mortality in Afghanistan, it will be possible to gdevelop measures to reduce maternal mortality taking into account social, religious, and medical characteristics.