Home | Opinions | Social | Afghanistan and the Peoples’ Republic of China; What made bilateral relations deepened?

Afghanistan and the Peoples’ Republic of China; What made bilateral relations deepened?

Font size: Decrease font Enlarge font
Afghanistan and the Peoples’ Republic of China; What made bilateral relations deepened?
Given the above mentioned aspects, it seems that attitudes are due to changing in both countries, and both China and Afghanistan are moving towards common interests and the same path. The existence of challenges and opportunities for both countries has in some way created a strong link between them. The proximity of Kabul and Beijing is in the top priority of the two countries’ foreign policy, but this shift in approach, both at the regional and outside the region, seems to have brought serious concerns in the future for Beijing and Kabul. Three issues are centered on China’s foreign policy on Afghanistan: first, the issue of Xinjiang and the prevention of the infiltration of extremists through Afghanistan into China, the second, investments in the Afghan mines and the use of these natural benefits at cheap prices, the third, the issue of the Silk Road, which would include, if possible, the creation of north-south lines through Afghanistan, Iran and India to the Indian Ocean and the impact of the security of Afghanistan on Central Asian countries. In three of these cases, China as the great power of Asia is struggling to pay special attention to Afghanistan and strives to improve Afghanistan and its political stability and national reconciliation through its influence over Pakistan and the Taliban. 
In the same way, Beijing’s diplomacy has become operational in Afghanistan since 2014, and the country is trying to take the initiative in the shape of the security situation in Afghanistan.
The security situation in Xinjiang and the security of the Silk Road are increasingly needed to restore stability in Afghanistan. In fact, Beijing’s policy is to use the minimum military force and to try to resolve the political problems of the Afghan security system with the presence of all regional and international forces both domestic and foreign. The country has pursued a more dynamic policy in Afghanistan since 2014. In this way, Beijing’s security concerns seem to be a priority for its economic interests in Afghanistan, as the Uyghur extremism and separatism in the Xinjiang state are the greatest threat to national security and its internal stability. Beijing’s efforts to push the members of the Shanghai organization to resolve the dilemma of Afghanistan to suppress the roots of terrorism in that country, and to create security and stability, and to prevent the spread of these groups to China, is indicative of the fact that China is calling for curbing the chaos in Afghanistan’s neighborhoods and there is widespread place in this country and its comprehensive efforts to solve the country’s problem. In the economic direction, the country is looking at profit-oriented efforts to invest heavily in the industrial and mining sectors more than the other powers in the region and the world in Afghanistan. The preference for this strategic partnership between Afghanistan and China is that China remains a powerful friend alongside Afghanistan, and it is not an attempt to hegemonic aspiration in Afghanistan and the use of country’s soil to threaten other countries. In addition, China’s economy and politics will lead Afghanistan’s economy and infrastructures toward prosperity. It is very important for Afghanistan to be active in this country’s interactions. China has the power to think in terms of economic progress in a peaceful environment. 
There are many reasons for this: first, China is reluctant to send troops to Afghanistan; second, Beijing does not want to engage in any conflict with the Afghan army, although the third is not planning to take Afghanistan under its exclusive jurisdiction and bring it as part of its sphere of influence, the fourth China has no desire to issue its economic and political model to Afghanistan. 
This is where the benefit of this partnership and friendship has been identified for Afghanistan, and preferably China is considered a close friend of Afghanistan.
Resources and citations:
1- Shafiei, Nozar, Explaining the New Diplomacy of China’s Neighborhood toward Afghanistan, Central Asia and the Caucasus Quarterly, No. 94, Summer, 2016;
2- Afghanistan Strategic Studies Center, Afghanistan in the Area of   Regional Cooperation, Vol. 1, Summer 2014
    3- Arianfar, Aziz, China’s Strategic Look to Afghanistan, International Center for Peace Studies, 2010
    4- China in Afghanistan, From Economic Perspective to Security Entry, Newsletter Site, 2016
     5- The Strategic Approach of China to Afghanistan, Ava Press, 2017
     6- Monadi, Seyyed Mehdi, China-China Relations and Prospects for the Rise of China as a Security Operator in the Region, 8 am newspaper, 2014
   7- Askerpour, Mohammad Ali, China leap to fix its hegemony in Afghanistan, Tanin website. Concluded