Peace efforts to give no results if Afghanistan government excluded

Former US special envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan and Rand Corporation Research Center expert James Dobbins says reconciliation and seriousness of all sides involved in Afghanistan issues need for maintaining peace and stability in the country.
According to Dobbins, US and Zalmay Khalilzad are working for maintaining lasting peace in Afghanistan and making effort to bring the Taliban group to negotiating table with Afghanistan government.
Former US special representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan has said the deal between the US and the Taliban group is a hopeful sign that negotiations can begin, but warns the process has a number of chasms to cross.
“First is the Taliban willing to talk to the Afghan government and stop fighting while they do it,” said Dobbins.
“Secondly, will the negotiations with the Afghan government succeed in reaching agreement on some new arrangements for governing Afghanistan. And thirdly, will that agreement be implemented. I don’t think the US can leave until all of that has been accomplished.”
Dobbins was Ambassador to the European Union and is a senior fellow and distinguished chair in Diplomacy and Security at the RAND Corporation.
He also served during the Obama administration’s as a special representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan.
“We started negotiating with the Taliban in 2010 but it’s been very intermittent,” said Dobbins.
“Largely because we kept insisting that the Taliban needed to also talk to the Afghan government and they have consistently refused to do so. If they continue to refuse to do so then this agreement won’t mean anything either.”
The remarks by former US special representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan come after US special peace envoy for Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad completed the fourth round of peace talks with representatives of the Taliban group in Doha. Khalilzad has said there were complexities towards peace in Afghanistan, in the region and world.
Stressing on intra-Afghani dialogues to reach peace in Afghanistan, Khalilzad said there was still no consensus and single vision in connection with peace in Afghanistan, but President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani has said Taliban has no legitimacy at all, adding the source of legitimacy was the open determination of the nation.
Meanwhile, head of Afghanistan New Studies and Reviews Center Abdullah Hewad says current peace efforts won’t be effective until US does not work on a mechanism with Afghanistan in connection with peace and stability in the country.
“US should first talk to Afghanistan regarding mechanism about peace. Secondly, consultation should be followed with Afghans for peace talks with the Taliban group and later on US should hold peace talks with the Taliban,” Hewad said.
He considered current peace mechanism of regional countries as wrong, adding that US has ignored the people and government of Afghanistan in current peace talks held between US officials and representatives of the Taliban group.
Afghanistan government has repeatedly insisted on its position regarding peace, saying that the country’s peace efforts should be led and owned by Afghans, or the efforts would not be effective at all.
Lailuma Noori

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