Fighting corruption remains truly fundamental necessity in Afghanistan, UN

The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) has welcomed the progress Afghanistan has made in the field of counter corruption, but it considers fighting the phenomenon as a serious need.
Delivering the new UNAMA report on anti-corruption effort in Afghanistan, Tadamichi Yamamoto, the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Afghanistan said: “The United Nations welcomes the progress Afghanistan has made, but all Afghan institutions, along with every segment of society, must persevere in their efforts to advance integrity, accountability and transparency in the country.”
He says fighting corruption remains a truly fundamental necessity in Afghanistan.
The new UNAMA report describes how corruption continues to affect all aspects of life in Afghanistan.
UNAMA’s third anti-corruption report, titled ‘Afghanistan’s Fight against Corruption: Groundwork for Peace and Prosperity,’ reviews the progress Afghanistan has made in anti-corruption reform and provides analysis and recommendations to support Afghanistan’s institutions in combatting corruption to improve the lives of all citizens who must grapple with this challenging issue each day.
The report describes how corruption continues to affect all aspects of life in Afghanistan, eroding public trust and confidence in government institutions and hindering efforts to bring lasting peace and prosperity to the country.
“Corruption undermines rule of law and opens the door to more crime, creating a vicious cycle that fosters a culture of impunity,” said the UN envoy, who is also head of UNAMA. “Even more importantly, corruption puts at risk prospects for peace, as a negotiated settlement for Afghanistan’s future must be based on integrity and justice.”
The report makes several recommendations, recognizing that the government’s ongoing anti-corruption efforts have yet to impact the lives of most Afghans, and concludes that, notwithstanding the many legal and policy reforms that have been undertaken, corruption remains a substantial obstacle to Afghanistan’s long-term peace and prosperity.
A key recommendation in the report is for Afghanistan to develop a long-term strategy to build on the gains of past reform efforts and leverage the growing public will to fight corruption.
“The United Nations appreciates the government trying to set up many institutional reform measures this year and last, and we encourage pursuing further reform,” said Yamamoto. “The upcoming elections are a test case for implementing lessons learned.”
The United Nations remains committed to supporting Afghanistan in further implementing its obligations under the UN Convention against Corruption, which Afghanistan ratified in 2008.
A number of economic and political expert say Afghanistan government has taken steps toward counter corruption, but such steps have not been sufficient as most of the steps have not been implemented.
“Most of corruption-related cases have been dealt politically, which has slowed down counter corruption effort in the country,” said Nasir Timori, a researcher for Integrity Watch Afghanistan.
He said that Afghanistan government should jointly follow its programs with national and international organizations working in the field of corruption to effectively fight corruption in the country.
Ustad Saifuddin Saihoon, another Afghan expert, says unfortunately Afghanistan has experienced various crisis and one of reasons of increasing of corruption in Afghanistan is the lack of determination for implementation of law.
“Various national and international organizations are working toward counter corruption in Afghanistan, but unfortunately lack of rule of law has caused that the consequence was not positive,” Saihoon said.
He added that security was one of the key elements in a society, but unfortunately increasing insecurities in Afghanistan has pave the way for corruption.
In meetings held in various countries of the world in connection with continued assistance to Afghanistan, aids are committed conditionally to Afghanistan by world leaders who stressing on counter corruption in Afghanistan. Leaders of national unity government have also committed to seriously fighting corruption in the country as efforts are underway for counter the phenomenon in the country.
Suraya Raiszada

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