By: Lailuma Noori
The United Nations has named June 20 as the World Refugee Day. It founded the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in 1951 to address problems of refugees around the world. IOM opened its operation in Afghanistan in 1992. World Refugee Day is observed on June 20 each year and is dedicated to raising awareness of the situation of refugees throughout the world.
Millions of people have left their country to find a better place for living. Besides the day is marked each year by world countries, causes of migration are also discussed.
Afghanistan is among countries having increasing of refugees in the world as thousands of Afghans are living as refugees in various countries of the world in particular EU member countries.
Afghans are still leaving their country to find a better place for living. There are various causes that have forced Afghans to leave their homeland for other countries in particular EU member countries. The main causes of immigrations are poverty, increasing insecurities, continued war and fear to be recruited by armed insurgent groups and others.
30 percent of those who have arrived in EU member countries have told the United Nations that they were living as internally displaced people and had no homes; therefore, they left for EU member countries to seek asylum. Most Afghans are still trying to get to EU member countries, while they endure challenges even death on way to European countries.
According to Afghan experts, the main cause that forces thousands of Afghan families to leave their country for EU member countries annually is insecurities and continued war.
The World Refugee Day is marked at a time when a number of Afghans who have been deported by Germany government arrived in Kabul the other day. Since December 2016, totally 589 men have been deported from Germany and have arrived in Kabul in various flights.
The deportations have come amid of concerns raised by human rights organizations and the United Nations. They have said that increasing insecurities in Afghanistan are not suitable for Afghan refugees to be deported from EU member countries as fighting between government forces and the Taliban group as well as Daesh has intensified in various parts of the country where dozens of innocent people are killed in the daily basis.
It is the duty of the United Nations that by perceiving the situation in Afghanistan should prevent from increasing of immigrations and displacements in Afghanistan. Instead, legal channels should be prepared for returning of Afghans to their country in accordance to the World Migration Convention.
Returnees are mostly facing with various challenges such as insecurity, unemployment and lack of shelter.
Taking refuge is a legal right of human being and everybody can settle at any part of the country and no countries have the right to expel refugees by forces according to international conventions. Today, more than 68 million people around the world are refugees or internally displaced as a result of conflict or persecution.
That is equivalent to the population of the world’s 20th largest country. Last year, someone was displaced every two seconds, mostly, in poorer countries.
It is worth mentioning that The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)) is a United Nations program with the mandate to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.