Militants’ threats to media should be prevented

Today, media is considered the fourth pillar of the state all over the world. In any republican government system, there must be three administrative bodies, 1- Legislative, 2- Executive and 3- Judicial forces. In the absence of any of these three bodies, the government cannot run systematically, but now it is felt that one body more is necessary to be with them, that is media.
This body is considered more important these days, it plays an important role as an informative bridge between governing bodies and general public, in absence of media general public cannot know about what kind of bills and acts are passed in the parliament, and what are their positive and negative effects in the society. If media person close their eyes the government officials will do what they want, so media plays a very important and impartial role between government activities and general public, so much as it is said that the freedom of media is the guarantor of success of republic government.
The role Afghanistan’s vibrant media plays in public life represents one of the most significant changes that have taken place in the country since 2001. But that achievement is under threat, as journalists face growing intimidation and violence from both state and non-state actors. 
The NAI Organization which supports media in Afghanistan has urged the government to prevent threats against media amid a sharp rise in threats against media outlets in the country.
NAI said in a statement yesterday that any group could threaten media under the name of Taliban if the threats against media are not prevented.
The statement further added that the situation is getting fragile media in Afghanistan with each day passing. “We witnessed the murder of a journalist, closure of a local radio and resignation of two journalists due to Taliban threats.”
Furthermore, NAI said the level of violence against journalists shows a reduction in first six months of the year as compared to the same period of last year but the latest Taliban threat has changed the situation.
Afghanistan is at a critical juncture. Media freedom is vital for holding the government accountable and ensuring public awareness of the peace effort. The fragile gains in media freedom made since 2001 are sustainable only if the Taliban take effective measures to end threats, intimidation, and violence against Afghan journalists and media organizations.
On different occasions to show support for media and free press in the country, the government has addressed many issues of the media and journalists and even has established the joint committee of media and government to closely follow incidents and threats against media. The government even has pardoned taxing penalties of the media and further paved the way for their activities.
But the militants seeing such media freedom a threat to them, as journalists and media outlets delivering true and unbiased information to the people. The militants, in particulare Taliban should understand that the media do not only report about them but also monitor the government and report the corruption and any activities going on within the government’s machinery.
The government and officials are criticized severely by the public and writers through the media. After all, the media also interview the Taliban’s leaders and provide a platform for them to have their say. Thus, the media report about all layers of the society in a fair and impartial way. 

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