By: Shukria Kohistani
The officials of the Ministry of Urban Development and Land (MoUDL) said that so far over 20000 ownership documents have been distributed to owners of illegal houses in Kabul, Herat, Balkh, Nangarhar, Kandahar, Farah, Bamyan and Dykondi provinces.
A number of residents of unplanned areas in Kabul welcomed this program said that all urban services available to residents of other parts of capital city, should also be available to them.
Wali Mohammad who is living on a hill in Nowabad area, Kabul city, said, since 15 years I have been living here with a lot of problems due to lack of sevage system, water supply and other essential facilities.
According to him poverty and war are main reasons of Afghan’s misfortune since several decades that have caused the residents of insecure provinces to relocate and rush to capital, Kabul and accommodate in unplanned areas.
Naheed a widow who has come from an insecure province to Kabul, said there were wars in Badghis province plus drought and forced us to displace to Kabul and settle in Deh Afghanan area.
Large number of people have been accommodated on hill sides and mountain slopes but have no access to basic services. She added distribution of ownership documents is a good step but it would cause the owners in unplanned areas to increase rent of their houses.
At the same time, Acting MoUDL Jawad Paikar addressing the media, said, distribution of ownership documents to owners of unplanned areas is going on and 150000 ownership documents are expected to be distributed until the end of current 1398 solar year.
According to Paikar, this figure is expected to reach 500000 documents in 2020.
He added, with implementation of rebuilding policy of unplanned areas, discrimination between urban and unplanned areas would be eliminated and these areas would be changed to best residential places and essential ontime, standard services would be supplied to their residents. With distribution of documents to unplanned homes, the prices of these homes would increase three fold and their properties would be more secure.
Paikar went on to say, this process never prevent the government to deal land usurpation disputes. Those who have usurpted public lands, have already been identified and separated.
Previously the officials of the MoUDL had said that they prepared a list of 18000 land usurpers and sent it to AGO for prosecution.
Based on the information of the MoUDL, 1.6 million jerib lands are under usurpation. The MoUDL has managed to rescue 500000 jerib lands from local powerful people mostly in Kabul, Kandahar and Herat while no lands have been usurpted in Kunar, Nooristan, Dykondi and Panjsher provinces.
According to the MoUDL, 70 percent of residential houses in Kabul located in unplanned areas but their residents should not be deprived of urban services.
Based on a survey took place three years ago in Kabul, 361421 houses were built in unplanned areas that include 70 percent houses and 80 percent population of Kabul city.
Lack of ownership documents has caused increase of properties disputes and their insecurity and those areas remain deprived of basic urban services and be marginalized that result in domination of a permanent poverty among people.