Regional, world countries’ role in Afghanistan peace process

By: Suraya Raiszada

Afghanistan peace has changed to the most critical issues not only inside but also outside of the country. Although Afghanistan government and a number of world countries have made lots of efforts towards maintaining peace in the country, unfortunately no efforts have brought peace to the country.
Now, the question is why continued efforts made in national and international level have not brought peace to the country so far?
The answer for the respective question is complicated, but there are reasons which are considered as obstacles towards lasting peace in Afghanistan. One of the reasons of the continued war in the country is the interference of regional countries in internal affairs of Afghanistan. On the other hand, funding, equipping and supporting of terrorist groups by a number of regional countries have caused that all peace efforts fail. Taliban will only show preparation for direct talks with Afghanistan government when regional countries in particular Pakistan stop funding, equipping and supporting the group.
For the past several years, previous governments in particular the National Unity Government (NUG) have made continued efforts to put end to the war and enter to negotiations with Taliban, but unfortunately no positive results seen so far.
In international level, US had held direct peace talks with representatives of the Taliban group nine times in Doha, capital city of Qatar for the past one year. Both sides have almost reached to final agreement and were ready to sign the peace agreement, but the talks were cancelled by US President Donald Trump soon after ten people including a US soldier were killed in Taliban attack in late September in Kabul. As peace talks were ongoing between US delegates led by Zalmay Khalilzad and representatives of the Taliban group led by Mullah Shir Mohammad Abas in Doha, capital city of Qatar, the group fighters were simultaneously by increasing suicide attacks, explosions and killing Afghan innocent civilians have shown their face to the world that they do not care of any peace talks.
Despite of the group’s attacks and explosions killing dozens of Afghan innocent civilians day and night, Afghanistan government has always stressed on role and presence of the regional countries in Afghanistan peace process and asked the group for direct talks with the government. The government of Afghanistan has always insisted on the Afghan-led and Afghan-owned peace process as no peace talks or agreements would be executed without presence of Afghanistan government.
Afghan political experts believe that regional consensus and the support of regional and world countries in connection with Afghanistan peace process are necessary. The people of Afghanistan welcome any steps taken for maintaining peace in their country.
After cancellation of direct peace talks between US and Taliban, a number of regional countries including China, Russia, India, Pakistan and central Asian countries have asked for resumption of the talks between US and the Taliban group. In the meantime, they have insisted on the peace talks led and owned by Afghanistan government.
Afghanistan government officials say that fortunately peace efforts have found its path and hopes among Afghan people in this regard have also increased as all sides to the conflict want to end the continued war in the country.

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