By: Masouda Qarizada
Oct 16th (Mizan24th) has been nominated as the Food World Day and is celebrated every year by the world countries for elimination of poverty and starvation has constituted key element of UN WFP program. The UN members and relevant organization’s provide data on rate of poverty and starvation and thus invited attention of international centers leaders of governments and humanitarian bodies to consequences of poverty and hunger in the world.
War on famine. agricultural growth, ensuring of food safety, encouragement and provocation of nations, leaders of the world governments, international centers and NGOs to increase agricultural products has been considered as the only solution.
Exploitation of experiences of developed countries by developing countries, quality of nutrition, transferring of technology of modernization of agriculture that caused economic development and growth of food industries and the third world countries are among other solutions that are emphasized every year.
Salvation of nearly 1 billion people of the world who are living in starvation and increase of this number according to new economic condition has concerned further that IOs. Based on available data, one from seven people of the world are affected with starvation are malnutrition most of them in Asian countries particularly south Asia.
World Food Day and situation of Afghanistan:
The rate of poverty in number of starving people in this country is increasing due to economic condition. Continued wars, confusion and political instability in the last few decades as well as establishing of weak and uncertain governments, have been considered as main factors of no socio-economic and agricultural development. FAO and UNESCO annual reports show that Afghanistan is in a concerning situation of food production and nutrition. Uncontrolled population growth, high of illiteracy, traditional agriculture, dried and in some parts violent geography have strongly restricted rate of vulnerability and access to food stuff. Due to its geographical location in dried areas with least rain, restriction of food, sources has increased traditional agriculture, no access of farmers to pesticide and insecticide as well as improved seeds, lack of professional agronomists, migration of rural population to urban areas to escape famine and draught, have considerably increased the number of starving people.
Climate changes and draught, reduction of rain and snow, acidic rains in some parts due to earth warming and destruction of Ozone layer have made Afghanistan more vulnerable in the region.
Escalating wars and violence and their impacts on economic situation of Afghan people, employment crises, concerned on increasing unemployment have intensified hunger crises. Unfortunately, in 21th century at the peak of development of communication technologies Afghanistan is still witnessing inconvenient pictures of starvation that media have time and again released them. Even poor families were ready to sell their innocent children against money so to manage to survive at least for short time and escape starvation and this situation shows the depth of tragedy.
Afghanistan has been sinking in devastating quagmire of poverty and hunger and the people of this territory are struggling for a mouthful food and a drop of water. All these indicate that no useful and effective steps have been taken in this sphere. Despite of this, every year the World Food Day has been celebrating in the country. The government leaders and senior managers should ask themselves that what practical and coordinated steps have been taken for poverty elimination.